In the medieval and prehistoric era, there was no provision of contracts or rules and regulation for employees and employers that were hard and fast; ensuring the rights of both the parties. Everything was little unorganized and things went by the promise made by the word of mouth.
It was only during the late 20th century that people realized the importance of protecting the rights of employers and employees came out as a legitimate concern. In order to protect both employees and employers from the potential harm that could be done by unrecorded rules and regulations, no basic formulated guidelines and exploitation of anyone strata of people. There were no workers’ unions, no organizations to prevent any violation of human rights of exploitation.
Consequently, there came the Employment Law. The Employment Law has under it various provisions to protect the interests of people engaged in various occupations, basically focusing more on employees. Basically, the Employment Rights Act 0f 1996 hold numerous provisions for the same.
Following are basic Employment Laws.
Maternity and Paternity leaves.
The Employment Rights Act protects the interests of employees as humans and makes sure they aren’t being exploited. Specific provisions like child care leave and requesting flexible working pattern fit their place under this law. An ordinary maternity leave of 26 weeks and additional maternity leave of26 weeks is entitled to employees. Parents are also allowed 4 weeks’ worth of leave each year for child acre.
It is essential that all terms and conditions of the employment be laid out well in advance for the convenience of both employees and employers. This contract should lay out all things like the duration of employment, date of commencement, pay scale, place of employment, sick leave provisions, holidays in the year, pension criteria, minimum hours of work, sexual harassment grievance provisions, etc.
National Minimum Wage Act.
The Act which was passed in 1998 mentions the minimum pay per hour for workers in order to make sure the employee gets the due of his work. The Act also mentions the average number of hours for employees per week, which has currently been set to 48 hours per week.
Working Time Regulations.
Also passed in 1998, the holiday entitlement provision guarantees 5.6 weeks of paid holiday to every worker/employee her year.
The Equality Act was passed in the year 2010 and includes under it all the discrimination laws. The Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of gender, age, marital status, pregnancy, race, skin colour, religion, sexual preferences, etc. Any violation of the discrimination laws is a serious criminal offense and taken seriously by employees and the UK Government.
Grounds for termination.
On legitimate grounds for termination that may include the expiration of contact, mutual termination, the death of employee, retirement or redundancy; the employee is entitled to serve a basic notice period, as mentioned in the employment contract and be entitled to the settlement, as mentioned in the contract.
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